Over the next four decades, The Muslim and Christian populations could be nearly equal, with Islam expected to be the fastest-growing faith in the world, according to research report released.
The Pew Research Centre’s religious profile predictions assessed data from around the world on fertility rates, trends in youth population growth and religious conversion statistics, as Free Malaysia today reported.
“Over the next four decades, Christians will remain the largest religious group, but Islam will grow faster than any other major religion,” according to the research.
The authors predicted there will be 2.76 billion Muslims on the planet by then, and 2.92 billion Christians. Those figures would correspond to about 29.7 and 31.4 percent of the world population, respectively.
There were 1.6 billion Muslims on the planet in 2010, compared to 2.17 billion Christians.
“The number of Muslims will nearly equal the number of Christians around the world,” it added.
Hindus will be third, making up 14.9 percent of the world’s total population, followed by people who do not affiliate with any religion, accounting for 13.2 percent.
The Asia-Pacific region will remain the most popular for Muslims, bolstered by a youthful population with high fertility rates.
The study predicts that India will have the largest Muslim population — though it will retain a Hindu majority — surpassing Indonesia.
Muslims are expected to account for 10 percent of Europe’s overall population, Pew added.
If the trend continues, Islam will be the most popular faith in the world after 2070, it said.
Authors said the projections, compiled over the past six years, are merely “what will occur if the current data are accurate and the trends play out as expected.”
“Many events — scientific discoveries, armed conflicts, social movements, political upheavals, natural disasters and changing economic conditions, to name just a few — can shift demographic trends in unforeseen ways.”
The authors said religious conversion data came from only 70 countries, not including the world’s most populous countries, India and China..
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